Results 1995



This is an annual report on the research activities in the field of optical communications and high-speed electron devices for 1995 at the Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology.

These activities are initiated by Professor Y.Suematsu (emeritus, the former president), and Professor S.Arai [Group A], mainly in the field of Integrated Dynamic-Single-Mode Lasers and Laser Amplifiers, Low-dimensional Quantum-well Lasers, and also in the fabrication of ultra-fine structures;

This report consists of a brief introduction of the research activities and a collection of the research papers published in 1995.

Publication List

Group members

  • Professor Emeritus
    • Yasuharu SUEMATSU
  • Professor
    • Shigehisa ARAIPh.D.
  • Technical Assistant
    • Shigeo TAMURAB.S.-Mar.
  • Secretaries
    • Sachiko ITAIB.A.
    • Tomomi NAGANO
  • Research Student
    • Yoon Ho PARKM.S.Sep.-
  • Graduate Students
    (Doctor Course)
    • Syamsul El YUMIN
    • Ki Chul SHINM.S.
    • Toshiyuki TAKIZAWAM.S.Apr.-
    • Munehisa TAMURAM.S.
  • Graduate Students
    (Master Course)
    • Munehisa TAMURA
    • Masatugu HOTTA(2)B.S.-Mar.
    • Toshio KIMURA(3)B.S.-Mar.
    • Masafumi NAKAHARA(4)B.S.-Mar.
    • Eijiro KIKUNOB.S.
    • Takashi KOJIMAB.S.
    • Shinji KURIHASHIB.S.
    • Hirotsugu KASHOUB.S.
    • Madan RAJB.S.Apr.-
    • Naoki SERIZAWAB.S.Apr.-
    • Akira UCHINOB.S.Apr.-
    • Xue Ying JIAB.S.Apr.-
  • Undergraduate Students
    • Ryutaro UBUKATA(5)-Mar.
    • Kazunari SAITOH(6)-Mar.
    • Naoki SERIZAWA-Mar.
    • Syunichi ANDOApr.-
    • Makoto ITOApr.-
    • Masataka KONDOApr.-
    • Shi PENGApr.-

Present Address

  • (1) the Republic of Indonesia
  • (2) TOYOTA MOTOR Co.
  • (4) TOPPAN Printing Co., Ltd.
  • (5) Prof. Iga and Koyama’s Lab., Tokyo Inst. Tech.
  • (6) Prof. Ishii and Yasuoka’s Lab., Tokyo Inst. Tech.

On leave from

  • (a) the Maritime University, the Republic of Korea


Semiconductor Lasers & Amplifiers

Staffs: S. Arai
Students: S.ElYuming, K.C.Shin, M.Tamura, M.Hotta, T.Kimura, S.Kurihashi, K.Kasyou, A.Serizawa, Madhan.Raji, R.Ubukata, K.Saitoh, X.Y.Jia, S.Peng M.Ito

A new type of multiple micro-cavity (MMC) laser was proposed and fabricated.
A GaInAsP/InP semiconductor collimating GRIN lens was proposed and fabricated for optical coupling improvement of SLA and LD to single mode fiber.

Results obtained in this research are as follows.

(1) A new type of multiple micro-cavity (MMC) laser with etched mirrors was proposed, and it was found that it is possible to operate on sub-mA current.

(2) Nearly vertical shape etched mirrors by using wet chemical etching was obtained

(3) Threshold current density of 178A/cm2 was obtained at room temperature under pulsed condition in MMC lasers.

(4) CW operation was obtained at room temperature in MMC lasers.

(5) A semiconductor collimating GRIN lens for vertical output beam divergence improvement of SLA and LD was fabricated, and integration with TTW-SLA was demonstrated.

Quantum-Film, Quantum-Wire, and Quantum-Box Lasers

Staffs: Y.Suematsu, S.Arai, M.Asada, Y.Miyamoto, S.Tamura
Students: K.C.Shin, M.Tamura, M.Hotta, T.Kakinuma, Y.H.Park, M.Kumazawa, T.Kojima, H.Arima, R.Ubukata, T.Ando, M.Miura

GaInAsP/InP strained-quantum-film, -wire, and -box lasers have been studied both theoretically and experimentally. Temperature dependences of GaInAsP/InP compressively-strained single-quantum-well lasers with quantum-wire (Q-Wire) size active region were measured and compared with those of quantum-film (Q-Film) lasers. Better lasing properties of the Q-Wire laser over Q-Film lasers were confirmed at a temperture below 193K. A GaInAsP/InP compressively-strained quantum-box laser assisted with a thin quantum-film active layer was operated at 77K under CW condition.

Results obtained in this research are as follows.

(1) Temperature dependences of GaInAsP/InP compressively-strained single-quantum-well lasers with quantum-wire (Q-Wire) size active region were measured and compared with those of quantum-film lasers. Lower threshold current as well as higher differential quantum effciency operation of Q-Wire laser than those of Q-Film laser at a temperture below 193K were obtained. Threthold current density of Q-Wire laser was 43A/cm2 which was almost a half that of Q-Film laser being 85A/cm2.

(2) A GaInAsP/InP compressively-strained(CS,+1%) quantum-box laser assisted with a thin quantum-film active layer(CS,+1%,5nm) was operated at 77K under CW condition.The threshold current density was 603A/cm2. The fabricated quantum-box size is 22nm diameter and 10nm thick with a period of 70nm.

(3) By combining electron beam lithography and Cl2-ECR dry etching with negative acceleration voltage, 10-40nm wide GaInAsP/InP multi-quantum-wire structures were fabricated. Moreover, low damage feature of this fabrication process was confirmed by PL observation. An introduction of a surface cleaning process with H2 gas just after Cl2-ECR dry etching was found to be effective for further reduction of damage.

OMVPE Growth and Nanometer Structure Fabrication Technology

Staffs: K.Furuya, S.Arai, Y.Miyamoto, M.Suhara, S.Tamura
Students: H.Hongo, T.Takizawa, J.Suzuki, F.Vazquez, D.Sonoda, C.Nagao, H.Tanaka, E.Kikuno, T.Otake, J.Yoshinaga, T.Hattori

Study of nanometer structure fabrication technique is important for the realization of quantum effect devices such as quantum-wire or -box devices and ballistic electron devices based on wave characteristics of electrons.

Results obtained through this year are as follows.

(1) Nanostructure fabrication and alignment techniques were developed using e-beam direct writing and OMVPE. An alignment of 40 nmpitch buried GaInAs /InP double slit and 50 nmpitch electrodes was demonstrated.

(2) Heterointerface of GaInAs/InP grown by OMVPE were observed by Atomic Force Microscope (AFM). Atomically flat regions was obtained on InP surface by optimized annealing prosess. To realize the atomically flat heterointerface, we investigated the relation between growth conditions and growth modes such as step-flow and/or two-dimensional nucleation for InP surface.

(3) Anodization process of InP has been investigated with aiming at a novel fabrication technology of quality quantum-wire and quantum-box structures. As the result, a high density (space filling factor of 50%), uniformly shaped (triangle) and sized (40nm) vertical pillar structure was obtained on (111)A oriented InP substrate with a SiO2 mask by adopting an EBX direct patterning followed by the anodization with HCl acid. Very small physical damage by anodization process was established from observing strong PL intensity from 40nm size-ordered triangle pillers.

Financial Support

1. Grant-In-Aid of Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture, Japan.

Grant-In-Aid for Research Center for Ultra-high Speed Electronics
Grant-In-Aid for Research Center for Quantum Effect Electronics
Scientific Research (A,B,C)
Scientific Research on Priority Areas (Quantum Coherent Electronics)
Industry-University Joint Research Program (Mesoscopic Electronics)
Fellowship of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for Japanese Junior Scientists

2. Companies & Others

Dupont Japan, Ltd.
Fujitsu Laboratories, Ltd.
Kanagawa Academy of Science and Technology
Nippon Sanso Co.
Nippon Seiko K.K.
Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
Tokyo Electron Tohoku Co., Ltd.
The Murata Science Foundation
RICOH Co., Ltd.

Nishiyama Laboratory
Quantum Nanoelectronics Research Core, Tokyo Institute of Technology

7F, S9-1, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku Tokyo 152-8552, Japan +81-3-5734-2555 ee.e titechnishiyama

Nishiyama lab. Student's room : South Bldg. 9 #701, #706, #707 | Measurement room : South Bldg. 9 #604, #502, #201 |
Clean room : South Bldg. 9 #202, B1F Exposure house | Research Laboratory of Ultra-High Speed Electronics